About the agro-industrial complex of the Republic of Bashkortostan

Today Bashkortostan is one of the leading, economically developed regions of the Russian Federation. Possessing three percent of the total agricultural land area of ​​the country, the republican agro-industrial complex produces up to 4.5 percent of gross agricultural products and is one of the five best regions of the Russian Federation. Bashkortostan is the leader among Russian regions in terms of livestock, cows, milk and koumiss. The republic holds the second position in the production of honey, the number of horses, the third - in the production of meat.

The AIC of the region receives point-based support measures for its development. In the development of individual industries, particularly dairy and beef cattle, dairy and productive horse breeding, beekeeping, the Program-Target Approach is implemented. Medium-term comprehensive programs of socio-economic development of the regions of the Trans-Urals and the northeast of the republic, economically significant programs, large-scale investment projects have been adopted in the republic.

In the agro-industrial complex of Bashkortostan there are about 1000 agricultural organizations, more than 800 enterprises of food and processing industry, more than 6000 peasant (farmer) farms, 609 thousand personal subsidiary farms.

The area of ​​the Republic of Bashkortostan -142.9 thousand square meters. km. The area of ​​agricultural land is more than 7 million hectares, of which arable land is 3.6 million hectares.

Crop area - 3.1 million hectares, including:

- cereals and legumes occupy about 1.8 million hectares;

- technical - 303 thousand hectares;

- potatoes and vegetables - 110 thousand hectares;

- fodder crops - 1 million hectares.

Being a part of the Ural economic region, it is part of the Volga Federal District. The capital is the city of Ufa.

Administrative-territorial division: 54 districts, 21 cities, 2 urban-type settlements.

The population is 4 million 70 thousand people, including rural -1 million 581 thousand people, or 40%.

Bashkortostan is one of the most economically developed regions of the Russian Federation with industrial agrarian production.

According to the main indicators of agricultural production, the republic is included in the first ten regions of the country.



1 place:

- milk production

- honey production

- cattle livestock

- koumiss production

2 nd place:

- production of closed ground vegetables

- cows population

- production of whole milk products

3rd place:

- livestock

- production sausage products

4th place:

- gross livestock production

- animal cream butter production

5 place:

- potato production

6 place:

- sown areas.

Crop production

The main branch of agriculture in Bashkortostan is crop production.

The acreage of all agricultural crops in the republic is 3 million 100 thousand hectares. Particular attention is paid for increasing the acreage of grain crops, which today occupy 67 percent of the crops. The sixth part of all cereal crops falls on the share of winter rye.

One of the main ways to increase the economic efficiency of grain production is the development of seed production - first of all, the construction of seed plants and the purchase of seed-cleaning and grain drying equipment.

The soil and climatic conditions of the republic allow for large-scale cultivation of industrial crops - more than 300 thousand hectares are assigned to them annually. The greatest value among them is sugar beet. The crops of sunflower, canola, flax, red and other crops are also expanding.

In the republic every year in all categories of farms an average of 350 thousand tons of vegetables is produced in open and closed ground. Work continues on the construction and modernization of winter greenhouses, as well as vegetable stores. More than 20 species of various fruit and berry crops are cultivated in the fertile farms of the republic. Constant work is being done on the creation and implementation of highly plastic varieties and technologies that ensure consistently high yields.

Cattle breeding

Bashkortostan - a major manufacture of livestock products. About 60% of the production of gross agricultural output falls precisely on livestock. The republic is in the lead by the number of all types of cattle breeding among the regions of the Urals and the Volga region. Large investment projects aimed at increasing the production of poultry meat and pork are being implemented, tribal economies that provide high-quality seeds of the economy of the republic and regions of the Russian Federation, as well as CIS countries, are successfully operating.

In recent years, emphasis has been placed on dairy. As a result of purposeful work, the republic became the most "dairy" in Russia - an annual average of 1 million 800 thousand tons of milk, or more than 400 kg per person of the republic.

Another priority direction of cattle breeding development in the republic is meat cattle breeding. In terms of meat production, Bashkortostan ranks 7th in Russia, producing 14% of the Russian volume.

As a branch of original products, productive horse breeding has great prospects for development. In Bashkortostan, up to 3,000 tons of koumiss are produced annually - about 70 percent of the Russian volume.


In recent years, thanks to measures of state support in the republic, prerequisites have been created for stabilizing, updating and increasing the quantitative composition of the main types of agricultural machinery. Within the framework of the implementation of both republican and federal target programs, since 2011, agricultural producers of the republic have purchased more than 15,000 units of machinery and equipment for a total amount of more than 18 billion rubles. In this way, 4.8 billion rubles were reimbursed in the form of subsidies, which is a quarter of direct costs. This contributes to the widespread introduction of agricultural, soil conservation, water-saving and energy-saving technologies in both crop and cattle breeding production.

An important direction of technical modernization is the development of production of priority types of new agricultural machinery on the basis of republican enterprises. Currently, enterprises of Bashkortostan have mastered the production of about 100 different types of agricultural machinery and equipment. Many of them at a much lower cost are not inferior in terms of destination and reliability to foreign counterparts. Specialized repair enterprises of the republic have mastered production of more than 900 types of spare parts for agricultural machinery.


The food and recycling industry of Bashkortostan is represented by more than 800 enterprises and industries whose capacities allow timely processing of all agricultural raw materials produced in the republic. In recent years, the industry has been substantially updated, reconstruction and technical re-equipment of enterprises is underway. A purposeful work is being carried out in the republic to increase the production of certain types of food products and to reduce dependence on imported supplies.

The agro-industrial sector, which has a great potential for development in various directions, remains one of the most promising and dynamically developing industries. All this allows the republic to become a venue for events of various levels and in many different directions. In addition, Bashkortostan has considerable experience in organizing and holding major international events, with all the necessary infrastructure: a world-class hotel chain has been created, an international airport has been renovated, and many large cultural sites have been reconstructed. Beekeeping is a traditional fishery for the local population. According to a set of basic indicators of beekeeping - the number of bee colonies, the production of marketable honey, research activities, processing of products, the republic ranks first in Russia.

Bashkortostan is the only place on Earth where there is still airborne beekeeping. The breed of wild Bashkir bees, named by the "Burzianka" habitat, differs from its relatives not only by its tremendous frost resistance, but also by its extraordinary resistance to various diseases and surprising capacity for work. As a vanishing species, it is listed in the Red Book of Russia. The gene pool of this unique bee is protected in the Shulgan Tash reserve. Honey, extracted in an ancient way, refers to the highest grades of honey, since it was created without human participation, in natural conditions.

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